How the Indian mining industry has changed over the years
Mining companies in India have a long history of exploiting the resources of land that is not yet available for cultivation, but that they hope to mine later.
These land-grabbers are known as the ‘gold-seekers’, and have done so in many ways, but one that has been the most controversial has been land acquisitions.
A report published in the Indian Economic Review by the think-tank Centre for Policy Research has looked at the impact of these acquisitions on the land, and its implications for land use and agriculture.
In a country where land ownership is still contested and the state is still grappling with land and water crises, the land grabbers are one of the most contentious issues in Indian politics.
In the report, the authors found that the ‘mining boom’ has created an incentive for the mining sector to increase land acquisitions, which has led to a significant increase in land holdings, which they say has caused the erosion of the quality of Indian farmland.
‘The gold-seekers have exploited the land with the best intentions, but the land acquisition boom has resulted in land degradation and degradation of agricultural land,’ said M.B. Singh, the author of the report.
Land acquisition and land degradation are issues that have been debated in India for decades, and the report argues that the increase in acquisitions has resulted from two factors.
The first is the ‘gift’ to the mining industry, which was a way to boost revenues and profits from mining land.
The second is the development of mining operations in the state.
The authors believe that the government is now trying to address these two issues, but has yet to do so.
The mining boom has brought the state of Andhra Pradesh a land grabber’s paradise In a paper published in 2013 by the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), the report notes that the number of land acquisitions in Andhra is rising at a rate of about 40 per cent a year, with the increase of about 30 per cent in the last few years.
The report goes on to say that land acquisitions were already at their peak in 2006 and 2007, when Andhra was under state of Telangana, when there were more than 30,000 land acquisitions a year.
This is the time when the mining boom was in full swing.
But, the report says, it seems that the trend has accelerated over the last two years.
In 2011-12, when the government of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (INN) declared an area as the gold-seeker belt, it had just over 2,300,000 acres of land.
In 2014-15, when it announced an area of 6,700,000 hectares of land, the country had about 14,000,000 lands.
According to the report’s authors, the growth of mining companies in Andaman has also resulted in a significant land acquisition push in Andamans land-hungry regions.
‘In recent years, the mining companies have increased their acquisitions by over a factor of 10, while the number in Andemans land belt has increased at the same time,’ said S.R. Choudhury, the co-author of the study.
The government has yet so far to take any action to tackle the issue.
A mining company in Andavar.
The land grabb’s biggest threat is that land acquisition will only increase the pressure on the environment The mining companies claim that the acquisition process will make the land more productive and create jobs for the workers.
However, the government has made it clear that the process must not only be done in a sustainable manner, but also in a way that does not destroy the natural environment.
The INA says that the mining process is meant to generate jobs and generate revenues for the state government.
The company that has the land to acquire said in a statement, ‘In our view, the acquisition of land is a key element to the development and success of the state, which is an integral part of our strategy.’
The mining industry in Andalucia.
The country has the third largest gold mining industry with an annual turnover of $7 billion.
According the report that the study, the state has an estimated total land value of over $30 billion.
Andhra, however, claims that it is the second largest gold-mining state in the country, and has over 4.3 million hectares of mine land, of which 1.5 million hectares are in Andanar Pradesh, which lies in Andapur.
It has been declared the gold belt by the government.
But it is still not a safe haven for farmers.
The Andaman state government has declared the Andaman belt as a ‘no-go zone’ for farmers, with farmers being barred from working on their land, unless they are working for the national and state governments.
The National Land Rights Commission has also said that mining operations should not be allowed in the belt.
And, the Andaman government has set up a committee to study and revise the mining regulations in the Andamsay state